Simien Mountains National Park

This is the park where registered as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNSECO in 1978 because of its scenic value and centre for endemic mammals of Ethiopia. It is found in the north western part Simien Mountain massifs.  It is the most rugged mountains part in Africa. The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex and other endemic species.

It covers 179 square km within the breath- taking views and spectacular meeting with the Walia (Abyssinian) ibex, Simien red fox and Gelada baboon - all endemic mammals to Ethiopia - as well as the Hamadryads baboon, klipspringer and bushbuck. Birds such as the lammergeyer, augur buzzard, Verreaux’s eagle, kestrel, falcon and more than 50 species also soar above this mountain retreat.
The park lies within an average elevation of 3,300 meters. RasDashen, at 4,620 meters the highest peak in Ethiopia. The vegetation types are mountain grasslands with fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers and Giant Lobelia.

Geological features of the park are spectacular mountain scenery and escarpments consist of dark Trapp basalts and bright, soft tuff, landscape, cool climate and endemic wildlife. The attractions can be largely discovered through trekking. That is why trekking is one of the main reasons to visit the park.


Simen Mountains National Park, North Gonder, Amhara Region, September 1978
TheSimien Mountains National park was primarily created to conserve Walia Ibex and other endemic species. Its scenic value, probably the most rugged in Africa, also formed the backbone of the concept for conservation of the area. These unique wildlife and breath-taking views on a landscape has further led the park to the recognition as a World Natural Heritage Site in 1978 by UNESCO.
The Simen Mountains National Park is situated on the northwestern side of the Simien mountains massif in northern Ethiopia, Gonder, with an altitudinal range from 1900 to the highest peak of the African horn, RasDejen, at 4620m. It lies in the center of a triangle formed by Gonder, Lalibela and Axum- three major Historical Northern Routes. It is roughly about 900km from Addis Ababa. The head quarter is situated in debark, where entrance to the park is permitted.